what is the official language of mauritania

what is the official language of mauritania:Mauritania is officially known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, and it is one of the countries located in northwest Africa on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, bordered by Morocco and Algeria from the northern borders, and Senegal from the southern borders, while on the east and south it is bordered by Mali.

Is Mauritania an Arab country?

It is not strange the question itself… Rather, the strange thing is the presence of such an ignorant employee in this place….  This incident occurred a few days ago with the Mauritanian journalist and writer Hanafi Ould Dahah when a visitor came to the Lebanese capital without an entry visa, and then the Public Security employee stopped him for not having a visa, and after referring the journalist to several other public security employees, the matter ended with the dispossession of Mauritania. 

From its Arabism, public security officials conclude that Mauritania is a “not Arab” country, and the journalist’s fate here will be deportation….  Until one of the female employees verified the “Arabness” of Mauritania through the “Wikipedia” website, to discover then that Mauritania is an Arab country and the journalist has the right to enter and take the entry visa from Beirut airport directly upon his arrival…

But far from the ignorance experienced by Beirut airport and its employees, and far from the suffering witnessed by the Mauritanian journalist,

Mauritania Civilization:

Mauritanian cuisine was influenced by the different Arab and African peoples .who lived and passed through the harsh landscapes characterized by the desert dunes in caravans.

Alcohol is prohibited in Mauritania because it is an Islamic country that follows the rules of Islamic belief and its sale is largely limited to hotels. Mint tea is widely consumed and poured from a height  to form foam. 

Traditionally, meals are eaten communally, with people standing or sitting with their families around a large bowl filled with meat, rice and vegetables, and people take food from the bowl using only their right hand because the left hand is considered unclean and is not used for eating. 

Mauritanian music comes mostly from the largest ethnic group in Mauritania, the Moors, and in Maghreb society musicians occupy the lower class Ijjaween, and musicians of this caste used songs to praise the victorious warriors as well as their patrons.  Football is the most popular sport in Mauritania, which is run by the Football Association of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
Mauritanian people.

The most famous feature of the Mauritanian way of life:

As devout Muslims, the teachings of Islam foretell some of the daily habits of Mauritanians of food and other eating of halal meat to not consuming alcohol,

and there is a peaceful group of people who are welcome but restricted, and it is customary to greet others in passing and men do not shake hands  Women, when greeting one usually responds with (Ca va) to visitors, while covering one’s head is not required it is considered the polite thing to do.

  In the southern regions, a trip to the market is made every day to buy groceries for the day, as cooling is scarce, and although they live on the coast, the Mauritanians in the south consider themselves inhabitants of the land or the desert and see the ocean as a source of fish and not a source of entertainment, unlike some African countries  Neighborhood The locals don’t seem to have been swimming or surfing.

  Illness is believed to be merely a product of one’s fate or the result of taboo or bad magic. Islamic healers who are the common sanctuary for treating ailments and practicing traditional and western medicine, the failure of the public health care system that was quickly created and replaced by some private practices accessible to those  who have the means to do so. 

Mauritania has the dubious distinction of being the last country to abolish slavery having only done so in 1981, and observers assert that slavery still exists, with about 2 percent of the population still living in what would be considered servitude conditions, and there are countless  The complicating factors that make this an unfortunate reality are poverty, illiteracy, lack of job opportunities and belief in social hierarchy, these same factors are also why Mauritanian children lack an education.

Which languages ​​are spoken in Mauritania?

Modern Standard Arabic is the official language in Mauritania.  French is spoken as a foreign language in the country.  The ethnic minorities living in Mauritania speak many minority languages.  These include the Wolof, Polar, Sonink, and Bambara.  Hassaniya Arabic is also a common language in Mauritania.

Afro-Asiatic languages ​​spoken in Mauritania


The official language in Mauritania is Literary Arabic, also referred to as Modern Contemporary Arabic.  The fact that Mauritania’s population is almost entirely Muslim makes Arabic the most popular language in the country.

Al-Hasaniyah Arabic

  It is the local and oral form of the Arabic language spoken by the general public in Mauritania in their daily lives.  The language is closely related to the Arabic dialect spoken by the Bedouins.  The Aragonese, an ethnic group living in Mauritania, speak Hasani Arabic.

read more about sommer Ray lifestyle

Berber languages ​​spoken in Mauritania


This language, although widely used in the past, is currently spoken near the Sénégal River, to the south of Mauritania, by the Zenaga people.  As of 2013, there are around 200 native speakers of the Zinaga language in Mauritania.


The Berber language is spoken by the Tuareg who live in the far southeast of Mauritania, near the border with Mali.

Foreign languages ​​spoken in Mauritania


As a legacy of French colonial rule in Mauritania, French is one of the most widely spoken foreign languages ​​in the country.  Mauritania is one of the members of the Francophonie.  French French and Maghreb French are the two varieties of French used in the country.

The Niger-Congo languages ​​are spoken in Mauritania

The Wolof in Mauritania is spoken by the Wolof people.  The chromatic language is a member of the Senegambian branch of the Niger-Congo language family.


The Sonink Mandun language is spoken by the Sonink people of West Africa.  In Mauritania, the language has the status of a national language.


The Bolar language is spoken by the Halpolarans who live in Mauritania, The Gambia, Senegal and Mali.  There are several dialects of this language, but they are all mutually intelligible.(official language of mauritania)


The Bambara language is spoken by the Bambara people who live

Here are 3 facts you may not know about Mauritania:

1- Mauritania is not the original name of the country

The word “Mauritania” was not used to refer to the geographical area currently known as “Mauritania.”

As for the original name, it was “Bilad Chinguetti” and the inhabitants were called “Shenaqet”, but France named the country “Mauritania” when it colonized it at the beginning of the last century.

2- Women flirt with men

The phenomenon of women flirting with men is widespread in Mauritanian society, known locally as “the donation”.

The Mauritanian al-Muzoun website, which specializes in popular literature, defines donation as “women’s literature full of passion and longing, and it can be said that it is always for the purpose of flirting.”

3- Women celebrate divorce

The custom of celebrating divorce is rooted in traditional Mauritanian society, but it still exists today in major cities.

When a man divorces his wife, the latter hosts a banquet for her friends, and usually she shoots three bullets in the air to celebrate the divorce, but the separation celebration does not take place in all cases.

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